An A-Z glossary of terms, abbreviations amd acronyms

Area Based Grant

An Area Based Grant (ABG) is a general grant allocated by central government directly to local authorities as additional revenue funding. Local authorities are free to use it as they see fit - it is not ringfenced - to support the delivery of local, regional and national priorities in their areas. This includes Local Area Agreement (LAA) targets. From 2008 onwards, ABG's replaced the previous arrangements under which separate funding streams were paid to local authorities as LAA grants.


Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (

Black-box approach

The coalition government has committed to taking a 'black box approach' to commissioning employment programmes. This means it will avoid over-specified contracts and will seek to identify outcomes, not design specific initiatives, in order to drive competition and creativity. The coalition government maintains that this approach will strip out any unnecessary costs and risks and will draw more effectively on the expertise of providers.


The Department for Communities and Local Government ( is working to create thriving, sustainable, vibrant communities that improve everyone's quality of life. To achieve this they are: - Building better homes - and reducing homelessness - Improving local public services - Regenerating areas to create more jobs - Working to produce a sustainable environment and Tackling anti-social behaviour and extremism


Connexions ( targets young people aged 13-19 who are living in England and are seeking advice and guidance. It also provides support for people up to the age of 25 who have learning difficulties or disabilities (or both).

Construction Strategy

The Construction Sector Training and Employment Strategy (referred to as the Construction Strategy) details the NCCESB commitment to developing the construction centre through skills training and employer engagement.


East Midlands Development Agency (


Employment and Support Allowance was introduced as a replacement for Incapacity Benefits for new claimaints from October 2008. It is paid to eligible individuals in return for undertaking work related interviews, agreeing an action plan and participating in work-related activity.


Employment and Skills Board


The European Social Fund was set up to improve employment opportunities in the European Union and so help raise standards of living. It aims to help people fulfil their potential by giving them better skills and better job prospects.


Federation of Small Businesses (


Greater Nottingham Partnership (


Government Office East Midlands


Information and Guidance


The improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme has one principal aim, to support Primary Care Trusts in implementing National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) guidelines for people suffering from depression and anxiety disorders.


Incapacity Benefit. This is a weekly payment for people under State Pension age who cannot work because of illness or disability. In October 2008, IB was replaced by Employment and Support Allowance (ESA) for new claimants.


Income Support. This is extra money to help people on a low income. It is for people who work less than 16 hours a week and don't claim Jobseeker Allowance (JSA) or Employment and Support Allowance (ESA).


Income Support for Lone Parents. This benefit is paid to lone parents who are capable of work. Since October 2008, lone parents can only claim ISLP until their youngest child reaches age 7 whereby they will then move onto JSA and will seek work.


JobCentre Plus. Part of the Department of Woek and Pensions (DWP), JCP provides an integrated service to people of working age; offering help to people looking to move into work and support for people who cannot. It also provides a range of services to help employers fill their vacancies quickly.


Jobseekers Allowance. This is the main benefit for people of working age who are out of work or work less than 16 hours a week on average. JSA claimants must be available for, capable of and actively seeking work.


Local Area Agreement. This was a central government initiative aimed at encouraging greater partnership working and delivery at a local level. Both Nottingham City and Nottinghamshire had an LAA. They were abolished in 2010 following the election of the coalition government.


Local Development Framework. Following changes to the planning system, all local planning authorities are required to prepare an LDF containing all the planning policies and proposals for the city, against which decisions on planning applications will be made.

Leitch Review of Skills

On December 5th 2006, Lord Sandy Leitch published his final report in to 'Prosperity for all in the global economy - work class skills'. Lord Leitch was commissioned by the Chancellor in 2004 with a remit to 'indentify the UK's optimal skills mix in 2020 to maximise economic growth, productivity and social justice, and to consider the policy implications of achieving the level of change required.' He was also asked to consider how to better integrate employment and skills services at a local level. In his final report, Leitch recommends that the UK should aim to be a world leader on skills by 2020, in the upper quartile of OECD countries. Lord Leitch also makes a number of recommendations for how that vision shouls be delivered. His final report is available to download in the publications section of this website.


Labour Force Survey - this is a quarterly sample survey of households living at private addresses in Great Britain. Its purpose is to provide information on the UK labour market that can then be used to develop, manage and report on labour market policies.


Local Public Service Agreements were designed as voluntary agreements between upper-tier local authorities and government. Their overall aim was to improve the delivery of local public services by focusing on targeted outcomes with support from Government. These agreements allowed local authorities and their partners to tackle the priorities for improvement locally and provide a renewed focus on improving final outcomes for local people.


Local Strategic Partnerships are non-statutory, multi-agency partnerships which match local authority boundaries. LSPs bring together at a local level, the different parts of the public, private, community and voluntary sectors thus allowing different initiatives and services to support one another so they can work together more effectively.

Making the Connection (MTC)

MTC ( is a long-term partnership programme which aims to support local people in Nottinghamshire into sustainable jobs. The programme has already attracted a high level of support from key partners across the city and county aiming to better connect our learning, skills and employability services.


Nottinghamshire: City & County Employment and Skills Board


Nomis ( is a service provided by the office of national statistics, ONS, to give you free access to the most detailed and up-to-date UK Labour Market Statistics from official sources.

Sector Skills Councils

Sector Skills Councils (SSCs) are independent, employer led, UK wide organisations designed to build a skills system that is driven by employer demand. There are 25 in total covering over 90% of the UK workforce representing the skills and training interests of small to large businesses. They aim to reduce skills gaps and shortages; improve productivity, business and public service performance; increase opportunities to boost the skills and productivity of everyone in the sector's workforce; and improve learning supply through National Occupational Standards, apprenticeships and further and higher education.


The Skills Funding Agency replaced the Learning and Skills Council (LSC) in April 2010. An agency of the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, its jobs is to fund and regulate adult further education and skills training in England. Through the investment of £4 billion a year into colleges and training organisations, they aim to ensure that people and businesses can access the skills training they need to succeed in playing their part in society and in growing England's economy.


SME stands for Small and Medium sized Enterprises - this covers any business employing under 250 staff members.


Sub-regional Strategic Partnerships bring together businesses, the public sector and voluntary and community groups to ensure the Regional Economic Strategy is delivered in local communities throughout the region.

Sustainable Community Strategy

The Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS) is prepared by local strategic partnerships (LSPs) as a set of goals and actions which they, in representing the residential, business, statutory and voluntary interests of an area, wish to promote. The SCS should inform the local development framework (LDF) and act as an umbrella for all other strategies devised for the area. The Local Area Agreement (LAA)is the mechanism for making the vision contained within the Sustainable Community Strategy a reality. It is now a statutory requirement to produce a Sustainable Community Strategy.

The Single Work Programme

The Single Work Programme (or just Work Programme) is a single unified programme to help all unemployed people get back into work. It is intended as a new approach to delivering employment-related support services and will simplify and replace existing employment programmes. The programme will deliver coherent, integrated support, providing personalised help for people who find themselves out of work, regardless of the benefit they claim.

Train to Gain

Train to Gain ( is an organisation which helps businesses train their staff and create a more skilled workforce.


The UK Commission for Employment and Skills ( aims to raise UK prosperity and opportunity by improving employment and skills. Its ambition is to benefit employers, individuals and government by advising how improved employment and skills systems can help the UK become a world-class leader in productivity, employment and having a fair and inclusive society.

Universal Credit

A new approach by the coalition government to support working-age households, the Universal Credit represents a move towards a system that will combine existing income-related out-of-work benefits and Tax Credits into a simpler programme. The Universal Credit will support people both in and out of work. It will supplement household earnings through credit payments, reflecting circumstances (including children, housing and disability) and subsume Tax Credits as the form of income top-up for families on low earnings.


The Voluntary and Community Sector (VCS) is identified as being wider in scope than general charities and the voluntary sector and inclusive of organisations reflecting the characteristics of social enterprise. These will include large and small voluntary organisations, community organisations and groups and social enterprises. The variation in scope is one of the factors giving it strength. The work of the VCS includes; delivering services, advocating/lobbying on behalf of community causes, facilitating community and economic development, advancing religious faith and practice, raising funds and providing financial support to other voluntary community organisations.

Work Clubs

Work Clubs provide unemployed people the opportunity to gather in local places to exchange skills, find employment opportunities, make contacts and provide mutual support.

Work Foundation

The Work Foundation ( is an independent research consultancy advising organisations and policymakers about the changing world of work and corporate performance. They aim to improve the quality of working life and increase the effectiveness of organisations. They do this through ideas and evidence, through advice and through advocacy and events.

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